the kapha dosha integrates the elements of earth and water, and represents the structure principle.

People with more Kapha in their constitutions tend to be of larger proportions, with a robust frame and padded joints, thick smooth skin that may tend towards oiliness, and rich, wavy hair. They are stable and calm in thought, speech and action, and are easy-going and supportive in relationships. There is an element of steadiness to their step, a quality of serenity in their smile. Loyalty is usually their second name. They are long, heavy sleepers and uncomfortable in damp, clammy environments. Calm and sweetness of disposition are hallmarks of balanced Kapha.

If your prakriti or original constitution has more Kapha in it, you will exhibit many of the characteristics and qualities of Kapha when you are in balance than people who have more Pitta or Vata in their make-up. And that's natural. But if the qualities become extreme, or more pronounced than usual at a given time, then the Kapha in you has in all likelihood become aggravated or imbalanced, and needs to be brought back into balance.

Kapha is defined by the consistency and connection between water and earth. Kapha is structure and lubrication. For example, if we take a jar, fill it halfway with water and then add sand, the sand will gradually sink to the bottom of the jar, separating from the water. The only way to keep the sand in equilibrium with the water is by stirring the mixture continuously. Kapha is the steady stirring energy that keeps the water and earth together. Kapha is the fluid force of cohesion.

Kapha is responsible for our physical structure and maintain the body's resistance, lubricates the joints, provides moisture to the skin, helps to heal wounds, fills the spaces in the body, gives biological strength, vigor and stability, supports memory retention, gives energy to the heart and lungs, and maintains immunity.

Seat of Kapha: Chest (main); also seated in the throat, head, sinuses, nose, mouth, stomach, joints, cytoplasm, plasma, and in the liquid secretions of the body, such as mucus.
Primary sense: Smell and taste
Colors: Red, pink and orange
Season: Winter

Larger, well-built frame
Evenly proportionate
Skin is clear with larger pores
Eyes are moist and prominent
Lips are full and pale
Large, strong teeth
Hair is thick, lustrous and usually wavy
Nails are clear and pale
Cool and moist to the touch
Constant appetite
Strong, with great endurance, good immunity
Slow, steady pace
Sleep is long and deep
Taste and smell sensitive

Caring, steady, and calm
Not easily irritated, strong and stable
Great long- term memory
Mental and physical energy is steady and enduring
Loves routine
Make good providers, dependable
Serene, warm and nurturing
Romantic and loyal

When Kapha is imbalanced (excess), some of the most common things it can physically lead to are lethargy, weight gain, congestion, asthma, prolonged sleep, excessive oiliness, blackheads, cystic acne, cysts, edema, water retention, and swelling.

Psychologically, emotions of depression, attachment, greed, and long-standing grudges or envy can emerge. They can also be greedy, possessive and withdrawn.

Some of the factors that disturb Kapha are not enough activity or exercise, improper diet, cold winter weather, and seclusion.

* Take into account that these are generalized descriptions.